February 15, 2019 · By 24/7 Staff · 

Automation and Artificial Intelligence

The Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program released new research that analyzes the impacts of automation on the American workforce, examining data focused on the mix of industries, geographies, and demographic groups across the U.S.

The report, titled Automation and Artificial Intelligence: How machines are affecting people and places, offers projections for how automation and artificial intelligence will impact the American economy over the next few decades, looking at the susceptibility of tasks in occupations that are potentially automatable.

The authors, Mark MuroRobert Maxim, and Jacob Whiton, focus on areas of potential occupational change rather than net employment losses or gains.

Special attention is applied to digging beneath national top-line statistics to explore variations by industry, geography (metropolitan area and state), and demographics (age, gender, race/ethnicity, educational attainment).

Key findings include:

  • Demographic variation: Young people, men, and underrepresented groups, particularly Hispanics and blacks, will face pronounced difficulties as a result of automation’s disruptions – an underexplored viewpoint in the current coverage of automation.
  • Geographic unevenness: Some places will do much better than others in dealing with the coming transitions. Places such as Las Vegas, Louisville, Ky., and Toledo, Ohio are among the most susceptible to the automation of job tasks, while the list of least susceptible places includes coastal giants such as Washington, D.C., the Bay Area, New York City, and Boston.
  • Varying levels of occupational susceptibility: By 2030, some 25 percent of U.S. employment will have experienced high exposure to automation, while another 36 percent of U.S. employment will experience medium exposure, and another 39 percent will experience low exposure. Those with greater than 90 percent automation potential over the next two to three decades represented only 4 percent of U.S. employment in 2016. Job tasks projected to be 100 percent automatable represent only half of one percent of the workforce (740,000 jobs).
  • Education helps combat automation: Occupations not requiring a bachelor’s degree are a staggering 229 percent more susceptible to automation compared to occupations requiring at least a bachelor’s degree. Just 6 percent of workers with a four-year degree or more are employed in jobs with a high potential for automation.
Mark Muro, Senior Fellow and Policy Director, Brookings Institution
“The next phase of automation, increasingly involving AI, seems like it should be manageable in the aggregate labor market, though there are many sources of uncertainty”Mark Muro, Senior Fellow and Policy Director, Brookings

“The next phase of automation, increasingly involving AI, seems like it should be manageable in the aggregate labor market, though there are many sources of uncertainty,” said Mark Muro, senior fellow and lead author of the report.

“With that said, the potential effects will vary significantly across occupations, regions, and demographic groups, which means that policymakers, industry, and society as a whole needs to focus much more than they are on ensuring the coming transitions will work for all of those affected.”

While this report concludes that the future may not be as dystopian as the direct voices claim, plenty of people and places will be affected by automation, and much will need to be done to mitigate the coming disruptions.

The authors offer five recommendations for federal, state, and local policymakers:

  1. embrace growth and technology;
  2. promote a constant learning mindset;
  3. facilitate smoother adjustment;
  4. reduce hardships for workers who are struggling; and
  5. mitigate harsh local impacts.

Implications: Strategies for Adjusting

Automation, forever a major determinant of the nature and availability of work, will continue to reshape the work people do and the opportunities they are afforded.

Whether this should be alarming or only cause for slight anxiety depends.

Visit Chart of the Week: Automation and Jobs

That the near future of automation may well resemble the near past should be somewhat reassuring.

It is encouraging, for example, that the likely future dynamics of job losses and gains are increasingly better understood and project continuous task creation as well as destruction rather than a one-sided apocalypse of permanent unemployment.

Automation and Artificial Intelligence: How machines are affecting people and places

Read the report, including interactive data displaying automation’s impacts on occupations in the 100 largest metropolitan areas.

The Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings delivers research and solutions to help metropolitan leaders build an advanced economy that works for all.

Image Credit: The Brookings Institution

Download the Full Report Automation & Artificial Intelligence: How Machines Are Affecting People and Places

Related Automation & AI Resources

Download the Paper

Automation & Artificial Intelligence: How Machines Are Affecting People and Places
This report details how automation and AI will likely have many positive impacts on the U.S. economy, despite the uncertainty and disquiet they are currently engendering, the trick is going to be to recall as a nation that technological change doesn’t “just happen” but that it can be shaped. Download Now!


Download the Paper

Using Automation to Manage Growth in E-commerce Fulfillment
Robotic-based automation solutions enable the flexibility to effectively manage both seasonal and sustained growth. Download Now!


Download the Paper

Material Handling Industry Makes the Digital Transformation
The material handling industry is in the middle of a historic digital transformation from manual to automated processes in the distribution center (DC) and fulfillment operations. Download Now!


Download the Paper

8 Keys to Achieving Success with Artificial Intelligence in Supply Chain
This white paper looks at the fundamentals that supply chains need in place in order to achieve real results from Artificial Intelligence implementations. Download Now!


Download the Paper

Artificial Intelligence in Logistics
This 2018 paper is a collaborative report by DHL and IBM on implications and use cases for the logistics industry, it details how Artificial intelligence (AI) provides a huge opportunity as it leaps from consumer segments to enterprises and onward to the industrial sector and logistics. Download Now!


Download the Paper

State of Artificial Intelligence for Enterprises
This study proves that business leaders realize that the benefits of AI today are undeniable – and it will continue to prove itself as a powerful investment for the future, with executives expecting ROI to double in five years and triple in 10 years. Download Now!


More Resources on Automation & Artificial Intelligence

Article Topics Research  Warehouse|DC  Automation Artificial Intelligence Automation All topics

Comments Be the first to post a comment. 
You must be logged in to post a comment. Login

 Latest Warehouse|DC NewsThe Role of Software in Optimizing AutoStore PerformanceFebruary 13, 2019 ·         The AutoStore automated storage and retrieval system has emerged as a highly effective solution for warehouses that need to maximize storage density and accelerate pick speeds.
Zebra Technologies to Share Key Player Insights from New England Patriots and LA Rams NFL SeasonJanuary 28, 2019 ·         As “The Official On-Field Player-Tracking Provider” of the NFL, Zebra is supporting the league’s ongoing initiative of improving the way fans, teams and networks watch, coach, play and analyze the game…
10 Questions to Ask Prospective Warehouse Management System VendorsJanuary 3, 2019 ·         During your decision-making process with WMS vendors, as well as asking about functional requirements, make sure you ask questions about system performance and scalability, security and data protection,…
Onnit Customer Success Story with SkuVault Warehouse Management SystemJanuary 2, 2019 ·         Onnit is a brain, workout, and health supplements company based in Austin, TX., learn how a SkuVault Warehouse Management System and ShipStation integration helped the business scale and decrease mis-ships…
 More Warehouse|DC

24|7 Pro Team Picks

The Logistics of Canadian eCommerceUsing a Single Third-Party Logistics Provider to Support Worldwide Supply Chain OperationsWant To Be Like Amazon? Treat Your Customers Like KingsTechnology’s Role in a Logistic Service Providers Strategy and Value PropositionPreviousNext

NextGen Supply Chain Conference

Attend the premier educational conference that answers the question “What’s next in supply chain management?” NGSC is dedicated to preparing executives for the coming technologies that will have the most transformative effects on business. Learn more or register.This year’s
conference focuses onRoboticsArtificial
IntelligenceBig DataSave
the date!April 16-17at the landmark
Chicago Athletic Associationin Chicago

24|7 Company Profiles

Nulogy’s cloud-based Agile Customization Platform allows consumer brands to respond with ease and speed to a volatile retail and consumer environment while…

The Agile Customization PlatformNulogy’s cloud-based Agile Customization Platform allows consumer brands to respond with ease and speed to a volatile retail and consumer environment…PreviousNext

24|7 Resources

Research & DownloadsOptimizing Performance of the AutoStore Goods-to-Person Storage…AutoStore continues to gain traction in the market by delivering high-density storage,…

Special CoverageSpecial:
Autonomous Vehicles
Autonomous vehicles have great potential for improving existing, high-demand transportation services, moving everything from passengers to packages. While most attention is focused on cars and…

Company ProfilesCompany Profile:
Tapestry Solutions

Leveraging three decades of experience, Tapestry Solutions is a global provider…

Photos & MediaSATO Launches Next-gen IoT Mobile PrinterNew rugged mobile combines high speed and expandability optimized for retail, logistics and more.